About Ankara - presentation, information, photos and recommendations
Ankara Angora known until 1930 and in the classical Ancyra, the capital of Turkey and the country's second largest city after Istanbul. It covers an area of 2516 km ² and has a population of 3,901,201 inhabitants (2007). At the same time the capital of the province with the same name.
Ankara is currently in the growing metropolis. Yenikent stretches of urban settlement, near Sincan more Bayindir Dam 50 km to the east, and north of Baglum, 35 km south to Gölbasi. Development of infrastructure and beauty of historical places that Ankara did come out gradually under the "shadow" of Istanbul, considered as a symbolic capital of Turkey.
Ankara is a very old settlement, founded in 2000 BC. Ankara is an important commercial and industrial center, became the capital of the republic in 1923. Also trading center for agricultural area that surrounds it. Before becoming the country's capital, Ankara was famous for its goat wool (Angora wool).
Even if the city Istanbul and are much visited summer resorts, Ankara has much to offer every tourist arrived here at interesting buildings and museums to historic sites, ruins, hotels, shops and restaurants for all tastes. It is a very crowded city, lively and interesting for those who want to discover modern Turkey.
Located in central Anatolia, is a hub both figuratively, for trade, and literally, the center of Turkish roads and railways. It has several universities, the National Library, the Archaeological Museum, Ethnographic Museum and the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations. Mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, Turkey's most important personalities twentieth century, is also located in Ankara.
Ulus: Old Town, the historical part of Ankara, is the most interesting. Located on the hills, well preserved narrow, winding streets, old houses, shops, markets. But the real center of attraction is the Kale, the fortress which defended the price for centuries the city. In the surroundings you can see ruins remaining from the Romanian period, among them "Monumentum Ancyranum" left from the time of emperor Augustus. Temple ruins found near the tomb of Haci Bayram and his mosque, where you almost always find believers come from all over the country, in this sacred place for Turkey.
Archaeological finds from the Neolithic period are testament to the farmers who lived in the area Hittite Ankara, in 2500 BC The first major city but appeared in Phrygian-1200 BC During this time he first appeared on behalf of Ankara, as belonging to a commercial point of ahaemenid Imperial trade route between Susa and Sardis.
227 BC After Ankara became the capital galatian Tectosages tribe, bearing the name Galatia. In 189 the whole region was conquered by the Romans, and after the dissolution of the Roman settlement became the capital management of the Roman province Galatia, as Tectosagum Sebaste. After the arrival of Christianity, Ankara has become a metropolis, seat of several church councils. In 395 AD, when the empire was divided into East and West, Byzantine city was built. In the following centuries of Islamic occupation alternated with the Christian, until 1403 when they won the Ottomans, the city finally called Engüriye (Angora).
After the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire on 23 April 1923, Grand National Assembly met for the first time in Ankara. In October the same year was proclaimed the capital Ankara and a few days later the Turkish Republic was born.
Ankara | Ankara Angora known until 1930 and in the classical Ancyra, the capital of Turkey and the country's second largest city after Istanbul. It covers an area of 2516 km ² and has a population of 3,901,201 inhabitants (2007)
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