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Cappadocia was known as Hatti in the late Bronze Age and was the home of the Hittite Empire Hattusa capital. After the fall of the Hittite Empire and the decline of the Syro-Cappadocian Mushki society after their defeat by King Croesus of Lydia, in the late sixth century BC
Cappadocia has been driven by a sort of feudal aristocracy, dwelling in strong castles and keeping the population in a state of servitude.
Cappadocia has been included in the third Persian satrapy after the territorial division made by King Darius I, but continued to be governed by its own leaders, none but not having their supremacy over the whole territory and all of them more or less tributary to the Great King .
Cappadocia lies in eastern Anatolia in the center of what is now Turkey.
The relief consists of a high plateau over 1000 m altitude, which is pierced by volcanic peaks, Mount Erciyes (Argaeus old), near Kayseri (Caesarea old), with 3916 m, is the highest. The limits of the historical region of Cappadocia are vague, especially to the west.
To the south, the Taurus Mountains form the border of Cilicia and Cappadocia separates the Mediterranean Sea.
To the west, Cappadocia is bounded by historical regions of Lycaonia, southwest, and northwest of Galatia.
The Black Sea Coast region became separated from Cappadocia, Pontus region, while the eastern border of Cappadocia is performed by the upper Euphrates before it to divert course to Mesopotamia.
This limits comprise an area spanning about 400 km from east to west and 250 km from north to south.
Due to its interior and high altitude, Cappadocia has a marked continental climate with hot dry summers and cold winters with snow. Rainfall is rare, Cappadocia is largely semi-arid region.
Cappadoccia | Cappadocia (Cappadocia) is a region of Turkey with an area of 800 km2. The most important cities in this region are Avanos, Nevsehir Urgup.
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